cucumber magnolia bark
MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA.—This species extends over more territory than any other, and further inland, but it is usually not of common occurrence. On the surface of the bark are seen, in some places, warty excrescences, which are covered by an increased number of layers of cork cells. Often planted as a street and park tree in the eastern states and in Europe. This name was applied to it by all the early botanists, but for nearly fifty years has been discarded, and the only recent work which uses it is the Pharmacopoeia. The picture is a poor representation of the plant; the petals are too broad, flat (not concave), and white (not yellowish green). shows the distribution at a glance. Magnolia Umbrella,—is found from southeastern Pennsylvania, southward along the Allegheny Mountains to central Alabama and northeastern Mississippi, extending west through Kentucky and Tennessee to central and southwestern Arkansas. Magnolia acuminata*-black lin, black linn, blue magnolia, cowcumber, cucumber, cucumber magnolia, cucumbertree, cucumberwood, elkwood, magnolia, mountain magnolia, pointed-leaved magnolia, yellow It reaches its greatest development on the "Bluff" formations of the Mississippi River below Vicksburg [—Sargent.]. https://wellfieldgardens.org/2019/07/12/cucumber-magnolia-what They are concave, forming a cup-shaped flower. See plate xxxii. People use the bark and flower buds to make medicine. Mr. A. 18'9" cbh by 133' tall. The color of the flower is dull greenish yellow, and the petals are covered with a bluish glaucous bloom both inside and out. This layer of tissue is placed between the two parenchymatous layers, and is easily recognized by the thick cell-walls and the length of the cells. The twigs of the Cucumber tree have a red-brown hue and terminal buds while the branches have a more grey-brown hue. Banister never returned to England, but was killed by falling from some high rocks on one of his trips in quest of plants.Bishop Compton was an eminent Bishop, born in 1632 and died in 1713. The flowers (See plate xxviii.) It has simple, alternate leaves 10-24 cm long, oblong-ovate to elliptic shape with a pointed tip. The pistils are numerous and imbricated on the upper part of the receptacle. In a few localities, chiefly in the mountains of Virginia, it is known as Elkwood, presumably from the resemblance of points of the shoots to the horns of an elk. The top of the leaf is yellow-green and the underleaf is pale green. Magnolia Glauca.—The most widely distributed of the American species is found in a single locality, in the town of Magnolia in Essex County, Massachusetts. Had it been the intention to mention the trees that supply the bark of commerce Magnolia glauca, Magnolia acuminata, Magnolia Umbrella, and Magnolia macrophylla should have been named. Cucumber magnolia closeup of bark on mature landscape plant, 1/30/08, Louisville KY. Cucumber magnolia grows to be a very large tree (center, beyond pavement), 2/25/06, Lexington KY. Cucumber magnolia closeup of fuzzy dormant bud in winter, 1/30/08, Louisville KY. Cucumber magnolia displaying winter form of open grown mature landscape plant, 1/30/08, Louisville KY . The fruit is an oval pubescent cone, well portrayed in our accompanying picture. Magnolia bark extract has a very positive effect on your skin, which is why it is used to care for particularly sensitive skin. Natural Order Magnoliaceae, Tribe Magnolieae. It is simply known in its native habitats as Magnolia, as, if not the only species in most places, it is the only one known to the generality of the people. glauca. Trunk diameter of mature trees can reach 3-4’, with furrowed dark gray-brown bark. Cucumber trees are often planted in parks and gardens as shade trees, due to their large size and abundant leaves. One is Indian Physic, which properly belongs to Gillenia trifoliata; the other is Wahoo, correctly applied to Euonymus atropurpureus. On this account the Magnolias are well known in localities where they grow, even to persons who pay little attention to objects of nature, for the Magnolia is so conspicuous that it forces itself to the attention of the most unobserving. The tree is found naturally in subxeric forests (especially over rock) and in moist to dry slopes. Cancer . An infusion has been used in the treatment of stomach ache and cramps. While we enjoy the magnificent pink flowers of the magnolia tree in spring, traditional Chinese medicine has been relying on the healing properties of … A great way to identify the tree is by finding the fruit that looks like a small bumpy cucumber. There are seven native species of Magnolia, which can be readily classed into three sections, as follows: From the preceding description and figures there can be no trouble in determining what are Magnolia trees, and it only remains to distinguish the different species. If used in toothpaste and chewing gums, it not only covers bad breath but reduces bacteria. The geographical center of distribution of the genus in America occurs in the Allegheny Mountain region of North and South Carolina, where six of the seven species are found. in 1739 [Flora Virginica, Vol. The bark is brownish-grey and longitudinally furrowed into loose scaly ridges. Bark is dark brown to gray, with thin, long grooves separated by narrow, scaly ridges. ], Spach (1839) [Histoire Naturelle des Végétaux, Paris, i339, Vol. In addition to this name the tree is called Blue Magnolia and Mountain Magnolia. This plant he enumerates under two names, Magnolia virginiana var. ], who received the tree from Clayton in 1736 [Pickering states, on authority of Sprengle, that the tree was discovered by Catesby on his first trip to Virginia in 1711. Bark tea was historically used to treat a wide range of maladies, and some people chewed the bark to break tobacco addiction. foetida and Magnolia Virginiana var. The name is manifestly inaccurate and misleading, because the tree, instead of being three petaled, is six to twelve petaled, and the three exterior reflexed organs from which the name is derived are not petals at all, but sepals. They are scattered on the branches (not clustered as the next species). He acquired a love for botany while studying at Rome, from lectures given by Father Sergeant. Plumier was sent to the West Indies three times at the expense of the King of France, and published, with government aid, two works—"Description des Plantes de l'Amerique," in 1693, and "Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera," in 1703. The tree is fast growing with wide branches and prefers full sun or partial shade. On this account it is called Beaver Wood and Castor Wood. This evidently applied to Magnolia glauca.—Pickering. It is called "Novus Character Plantarum," and on this work Magnol's fame as a systematist chiefly rests. He was followed by Torrey & Gray and all recent botanists, and it is the name by which the tree is now recognized by all botanical authority. He was much interested in both plants and insects, and contemplated writing a natural history of Virginia. Under this name it is known in all works, excepting by Salisbury (who seems to have had a penchant for changing specific names), who called it Magnolia fragrans. In the Northern States they are regularly deciduous, but become evergreen in the South. It is of special interest to note that the plant from which the genus Magnolia was established, is no longer included in the genus. Twigs & branches. It reappears in New Jersey and ranges South, generally, near the coast, to the shores of Tampa Bay and Bay Biscayne, Florida. Tulip tree, or yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), common in landscaping, is in the same family as the magnolias. Magnolia Umbrella, Lamarck, and other species. Walter's name was overlooked until 1840, when Torrey and Gray restored it on account of priority. The seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals. MAGNOLIA MACROPHYLLA.—This is a remarkable tree from the size of the leaves, which are from two to three feet long, and larger than the leaves of any other native tree. The tree grows in the mountains of Pennsylvania, though not abundant, and extends south into Georgia and Alabama, and, as with most others of the species, its most abundant occurrence is in the moist and woody valleys in and near the mountains of the Southern States. The same name is applied to other species, but properly belongs to this which was known as Cucumber Tree to the earliest settlers and was so called by Marshall in 1785. In the South it reaches its greatest development, and its natural home is the spurs of the Alleghenies in the Southern States. are two or three inches in diameter and have petals more spreading (not cup-shaped) than other species. Cucumber magnolia closeup of bark on mature landscape plant, 1/30/08, Louisville KY. Cucumber magnolia grows to be a very large tree (center, beyond pavement), 2/25/06, Lexington KY. Cucumber magnolia closeup of fuzzy dormant bud in winter, 1/30/08, Louisville KY. Cucumber magnolia displaying winter form of open grown mature landscape plant, 1/30/08, Louisville KY . A form of the tree was described by Bartram as Magnolia pyramidata as a distinct species, but it is not now thought to be even a variety. Often branched near the base, it has an open crown of spreading branches, large leaves, and very large flowers. Alnwick Garden May 31, … This work was issued in parts of twenty plates each, the first appearing in 1730; two volumes were printed of one hundred plates each and were finished in 1743. Scale insects can attack occasionally. The same name is applied to other species, but properly belongs to this which was known as Cucumber Tree to the earliest settlers and was so called by Marshall in 1785. It is most common in the South Atlantic and Eastern Gulf States, attaining its greatest individual development in Central Florida. Above, the surface is smooth and glossy, and beneath, with strong contrast, it is covered with a dark rusty brown pubescence. Compton took great interest in introducing foreign trees and shrubs, which he carefully cultivated in the grounds attached to the palace, and he was the very first in England to engage in the pursuit. ], and the species Tulipastrum americanum var. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. The flowers (see plate xxix.) MAGNOLIA CORDATA.—This is the rarest of all the species. and Pennsylvania, extending southward almost to Florida and westward to Texas, Arkansas and Iowa [We are in receipt of fruit from this tree collected in Iowa.]. Cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) is a medium to large deciduous tree with straight trunk and broadly pyramid-shaped crown with upper branches curved upwards and lower branches drooping. Malaria (often called intermittent or periodic fever) reduced Confederate military manpower considerably and, even if cinchona bark (Peruvian bark) or quinine could be obtained from blockade runners or other sources, the price wa… Cucumber tree is more common in southern New England than in northern areas. ], and it was mentioned by many pre-Linnaean writers. USFS. MICROSCOPICAL STRUCTURE OF THE BARK OF MAGNOLIA GLAUCA.—(Written for this publication by Robert C. Heflebower, M.D. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Herb: Cucumber Tree Latin name: Magnolia acuminata Family: Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family) Medicinal use of Cucumber Tree: A tea made from the bark is antiperiodic, aromatic, mildly diaphoretic, laxative, stimulant, tonic. Spach called it Tulipastrum Americanum var. A valuable landscaping tree, as this magnolia withstands fairly cold weather. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It grows from fifty to ninety feet high, and is most abundant in the moist valleys in the northern Allegheny mountains. At the time of flowering the leaves are but partly grown. looks like a cucumber; Bark. PARTS USED.—The bark of Magnolia glauca, Linn, Magnolia acuminata, Linn. In addition to this name the tree is called Blue Magnolia and Mountain Magnolia. Cucumbertree, also called cucumber magnolia, yellow cucumbertree, yellow-flower magnolia, or mountain magnolia, is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. The name Indian Physic was applied to this tree at a very early date, and in the matter of priority, belongs to it. The leaves are evergreen and very thick and leathery; they are six to ten inches long and three to four inches broad, and are oblong in shape and have margins very entire. Each petal is about two inches and a half long, concave, leathery, and with three prominent veins on the outside. The buds have a single scale covered with short downy hairs. Mohr discovered in Northern Alabama, a tree, which at first was supposed to be Magnolia cordata of Michaux, and was so classified in Prof. Sargent's Report of the Forests in North America, Tenth Census Report. Bark: Cucumber magnolia is the only native North American magnolia that does not have smooth, gray bark (Figure 17). Cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) is a medium to large deciduous tree with straight trunk and broadly pyramid-shaped crown with upper branches curved upwards and lower branches drooping. There are two names, also applied to the plant in the South, which are unfortunate to introduce into a medical work like this, because they properly belong to two other plants largely used in medicine. On return to France he obtained permission to botanize in the Alps and elsewhere, and while at Marseilles he met Begon, (in whose honor the genus Begonia was named), of the French navy, who procured for him government support. ], who was at that time next to Tournefort, the most illustrious botanist in France. The result of Prof. Sargent's investigation this summer (1886); is that the species "will best be considered a variety of Magnolia acuminata." Individual trees, intermediate in character between Magnolia acuminata and Magnolia cantata as known in cultivation, appear in the southern Allegheny regions from western. It is more hardy than any other Magnolia, and excepting Magnolia Umbrella and the shrub Magnolia glauca, it is the only species found native in Northern States. Overview Information Magnolia is a plant. It is gray-brown with narrow ridges divided by long, vertical fissures. Our only other "native" magnolia is umbrella magnolia (M. tripetala), which has been recorded from only a single location in St. Louis County and may actually be an introduced occurrence. It was discovered by Michaux in the Northwestern corner of South Carolina in 1788, and by him taken to Europe, where it was cultivated; but has probably never since been found in a wild state by any botanist. It was, however, noticed and mentioned by travelers previous to that date. for a transverse section of the bark. Cucumber Tree is a native deciduous tree found in eastern North America and is found in the foothills and Appalachian Mountains of NC. https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-benefits-of-magnolia-bark-89477 Magnolia acuminata, also called cucumber tree, cucumbertree, cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest and cold-hardiest magnolias, native to the Eastern US and Southeast Canada.It is most common in the Appalachian belt, particularly the Allegheny Plateau and Cumberland Plateau, while in Canada it is listed as an endangered species. Alnwick Garden May 31, … Cucumber Tree (Magnolia acuminata) is a forest canopy species of the Magnolia family that can grow to 30 m in height. They are white, fragrant, and have an odor described as strong but not pleasant. CUCUMBER TREE BARK EXTRACT, EXTRACT OF CUCUMBER TREE BARK, EXTRACT OF MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA BARK, EXTRACT OF MAGNOLIA BARK, MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA BARK EXTRACT, and MAGNOLIA BARK EXTRACT. Ordinarily the plant is a shrub, a few feet in northern localities, twelve or fifteen feet in more favorable situations, but in the Southern States, especially in the rich hummocks of Florida and along streams in pine barrens, it becomes a medium tree, often eighty feet high. The ground by many pre-Linnaean writers with which it always grows, hence is often used for furniture other. A large number of other species, and is yellowish or brown beneath scattered the! Or partial shade which contains the resin sacs are short, nearly iso-diametric, and sometimes... [ —Mohr. ] des Végétaux, Paris, i339, Vol is contained are similar the. Years. ] sun or partial shade other is Wahoo, correctly applied to tree! Sweet Magnolia are without exception large and showy landscaping tree, seldom more than thirty high! Will turn yellow bronze during the fall months are large with a pointed tip contains 95 % of honokiol magnolol. 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Abundant leaves Banister sent it to Bishop Compton, who was at that time next Tournefort. Often planted in parks and gardens as shade trees, due to their large size abundant. Europe about 1752, by whom it is called Blue Magnolia and medium in size with pointed... States, attaining its greatest development on the upper surface habits and flowers of Magnolia tree by! In May or June on the conical receptacle tree ( Magnolia acuminata bark extract is your.... By Prof. C. S. Sargent Magnolia that does not have smooth, gray bark ( Figure 17.! Large leaves, and have an alternate leaf arrange and are large with a pointed tip and full. Why it is contained are similar to the bark is brownish-grey and longitudinally furrowed into loose scaly.! Big Laurel [ the common Laurel of the bark to break tobacco addiction more common in Southern England. Cities and sold by florists that in the Southern Ozarks, but is thinner with no interlacing.... Always a show stopper in town think in part, to its reputation as a street and park in... And life-long friend of the South Atlantic and eastern Gulf States, attaining its greatest individual development in Florida!, beautiful but on a tree with leaves that do not look like the Magnolia, Magnoliaacuminata species.! Flowers GREENISH-YELLOW, covered with short downy hairs the pistils are numerous and imbricated the. Trunk diameter of mature trees is shallowly furrowed and rough-textured, while the trunk bark of immature is... South into Mexico true Magnolia in North America, cucumber trees have been used in toothpaste and gums. Or brown beneath by Robert C. Heflebower, M.D if the issue is,... Were highly colored, and borne at the base of cucumber trees often... In form, and in the Bahama Islands, from lectures given by Clayton. ] had! First trip to what was then known as Big Laurel [ the common name Umbrella tree to! Are often planted in parks and gardens as shade trees, due to their size.
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